Warning Signs of Elder Abuse in Seniors with Dementia

6 signs of elder abuse

Seniors with dementia are more vulnerable to abuse

Seniors with dementia sometimes make false accusations and claim that family or caregivers are mistreating them or stealing from them. In these cases, dementia is making them paranoid and delusional.

But unfortunately, there are times when seniors with dementia are being abused. 

People with dementia are especially vulnerable to abuse because of their impaired memory, communication skills, and judgment.

Unscrupulous people take advantage of these vulnerable seniors because they’re easy targets.

They’re not likely to report the problem, they might not be believed, or they might not be aware that abuse is happening.

To protect your older adult, we explain how to spot warning signs of elder abuse across 6 types of abuse.

We also recommend organizations you can contact for help if you suspect abuse.




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Warning signs of 6 types of elder abuse

Elder abuse is any form of mistreatment that causes harm or loss to an older adult. 

Abuse is generally divided into 6 categories. In each category, we share red flags that are strong signs of elder abuse.

Even if your older adult doesn’t recognize what’s happening or can’t speak for themselves, you’ll know when something suspicious is going on and can advocate on their behalf.

1. Physical abuse
Physical abuse is when someone purposely causes injury, pain, or impairment to an older adult. It also includes isolation and the inappropriate use of restraints.

Warning signs include:

  • Unexplained injuries, like bruises, welts, burns, new scars, broken bones, sprains, or dislocations
  • Reports of drug overdose or not taking medication regularly (like when a prescription has more left at the end of the month than it should)
  • Broken eyeglasses
  • Signs of being restrained, like rope marks on wrists
  • The caregiver refuses to let you to see the older adult without them present

2. Emotional abuse
Emotional abuse includes verbal abuse, threats, harassment, humiliation, and intimidation.

Warning signs include:

  • Any kind of threatening, belittling, or controlling behavior that you observe
  • When the older adult shows increased signs of agitation like rocking, sucking, or mumbling to themselves
  • Unexplained withdrawal from normal activities, a sudden change in alertness, or unexpected depression
  • The caregiver refuses to let you see the older adult without them present

Note: Emotional abuse can be especially tough to spot in seniors with dementia. Many of these signs of abuse are similar to typical dementia symptoms. If you spot these signs, listen to your gut, be watchful, and investigate until you’re satisfied that your older adult isn’t being harmed.

3. Financial abuse
Financial abuse is when someone illegally or improperly uses an older adult’s money, property, or other resources.

That includes cashing their checks without permission, forging their signature, stealing their money or possessions, coercing or deceiving them into signing documents like contracts or a will.

Warning signs include:

  • Sudden changes in the older adult’s financial situation
  • Irregular spending and withdrawals from the older adult’s accounts, withdrawals made despite penalties
  • Addition of authorized users to the older adult’s bank accounts, credit or debit cards
  • Items or cash missing from their home
  • Suspicious changes in wills, power of attorney, titles, and policies
  • Unpaid bills or lack of medical care when the older adult should have enough money to pay
  • Financial activity the older adult couldn’t have done themselves, like an ATM withdrawal when they’re bedridden
  • Utilities turned off
  • A new “best friend” or “sweetheart”

4. Sexual abuse
Any non-consensual sexual contact is sexual abuse.

That includes touching, fondling, and any sexual activity that happens when the person is unable to understand, not willing or consenting, threatened, or physically forced.

Warning signs include:

  • Bruises around breasts or genitals
  • Unexplained vaginal or anal bleeding
  • Torn, stained, or bloody underwear

5. Neglect or self-neglect
When a caregiver fails to provide or purposely withholds necessities like food, clothing, shelter, medication, medical care, physical assistance, or a safe environment, that is neglect.

But when a person doesn’t provide for their own essential needs, that’s self-neglect.

Due to their cognitive impairment, seniors with dementia might not be able to provide for their own day-to-day needs. That puts them at risk for falls, wandering, infection, and malnutrition.

Warning signs include:

  • Unusual weight loss, malnutrition, dehydration
  • Unattended medical needs or untreated physical conditions like bed sores
  • Unsanitary living conditions: dirt, bugs, soiled bedding and clothes
  • Poor hygiene – being dirty or unbathed
  • Unsuitable clothing for the weather
  • Unsafe living conditions (hoarding, no heat or running water, fire hazards)
  • Deserting the older adult in a public place

6. Healthcare fraud and abuse
If a healthcare provider is falsifying patient information for financial gain or not providing proper care, that’s healthcare fraud.

Warning signs include:

  • Problems in a care community, like poorly trained or too few staff, resident crowding, not responding to call bells or alarms, or no improvement in care after major issues are brought to staff or administrator attention
  • Over-medication or under-medication
  • Inadequate care even though bills are paid in full
  • Billing for services that were not provided or duplicate billings for the same medical service or device
  • Billing for a covered service when the service actually provided was not covered
  • Misrepresenting the service provided
  • Being charged for a more complex or expensive service than was actually provided



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What to do if you suspect elder abuse: 6 ways to report a problem

If you see signs of elder abuse, it’s important to intervene on your older adult’s behalf.

You may be able to fire and report a hired caregiver, move your older adult out of a neglectful care community, or prevent an abusive family member from seeing your older adult.

When you need help from authorities, there are 6 main options for reporting elder abuse. 

To make a report, you don’t need to prove that abuse is occurring. It’s up to the professionals to investigate the suspicions.

  1. In an emergency situation, call 911 or the local police
  2. Call your local Adult Protective Services (APS) agency. In most states, APS is the primary agency for abuse and neglect reports. Your report will be kept confidential, regardless of the outcome.
  3. Visit the National Center on Elder Abuse to find contact info for state-level resources
  4. Call the Eldercare Locator at 1-800-677-1116 for information or a referral to the correct local agency
  5. Contact the long-term care ombudsman to get help with problems in a long term care community
  6. Call the Alzheimer’s Association at 1-800-272-3900

 

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By DailyCaring Editorial Team
Image: Kindness Blog


4 Comments

  • Reply May 29, 2017

    colin kelly

    why seniors ? do younger people not get dementia too . end the myth of dementia being age related today . professional bodies are only reinforcing the old stereotypes

    • Reply May 29, 2017

      DailyCaring.com

      We never want to exclude anyone or suggest that only seniors are affected by dementia. Many younger people do get dementia and the practical advice in our articles certainly apply to them as well. Our website focuses on all issues related to caring for older adults, including topics aside from Alzheimer’s or dementia.

  • Reply May 29, 2017

    colin kelly

    i had medication left over at the end of the month while caring for my wife . this was not due to neglect but protecting her , i was encouraged to give her extra doses by the docs so i could get some peace . that was never going to happen . ive now got quite a lot of her meds reduced and happy with the outcome . sometimes caregiver knows best . there is a lot of issues i came up against and while i understand we need to protect people, there is a fine line between protecting or just obstructing life.

    • Reply May 29, 2017

      DailyCaring.com

      It’s great that you were able to safely reduce the amount of medications your wife is on!

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